Yellow Perch


The Yellow Perch, referred to by many as simply a perch, is a freshwater fish that can be found throughout most of North America.  While native to the northern United States east of the Rocky Mountains, it has been widely spread from its native range due to the popularity as a sport and commercial fish.  Also, it was stocked in many waterways because it is a popular food source for larger gamefish, such as bass, muskellunge, northern pike and walleye. 

Perch are popular with anglers because there are generally a lot of them, they are easy to catch and make a delicious meal.  Perch are also one of the most targeted species for ice fishing anglers.

Yellow Perch, as their name suggests, can be identified by their brass colored body with hints of yellow.  They also have between five to nine vertical stripes of a darker olive-green color.  On their back, they have two dorsal fins that are spiny to the touch.  However, one of their most distinct features are the two pelvic fins on each side of their belly that are a golden yellow color.  They are a smaller fish and typically range from 4 - 12 inches in length (10-30 cm), and weigh about a pound.  While not common, a perch can live up to 11 years.  

Yellow Perch often school where food is abundant.  During the day, they often can be found in deeper water near aquatic vegetation and weeds feeding on small insects.  Once it gets dark, perch will often move into shallower water and feed on small minnows, insects and small crayfish.  


SCIENTIFIC NAME:  Perca flavescens

HABITAT:  Aquatic vegetation, docks, rocks, gravel, sand

RANGE: North America


DIET: Carnivore

NICKNAMES: Perch, American Perch, Lake Perch, Ringed Perch, Striped Perch, 

WORLD RECORD: 4 pounds 3 ounces, caught in 1865 in New Jersey


Tags: kids-club  -s  -fish  -yellow-perch  animal 


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