The Muskellunge is a large, freshwater gamefish species native to North America.    They are most commonly found in lakes and rivers in the northern United States (Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Maine and New York), but can be found in the Tennessee River system as well.  There is also a small population of the fish in South Carolina and Georgia.  They can also be found in some lakes in Canada.  

Their main body color varies based on water clarity and conditions, but is mainly a blend of green, brown and silver with dark vertical markings or spots.  Their fins also range from in color from green to brown to red.  They have an elongated, almost torpedo like, body and a flat head that allow it to quickly speed through the water and catch prey.  Inside their mouth, you will find razor sharp teeth on the lower jaw and shorter teeth on the roof of their mouth.   Musky tend to favor clear water, over cloudy or dirty water, with a lot of aquatic vegetation or rocks.  

Muskellunge are often the top predator fish in the body of water they habitat.  While they are young, musky eat insects and plankton until they grow to about 2-4" in length.  Once they reach adulthood, they eat many different types of fish and even ducks, rats, muskrats and mice.  

For anglers, the musky is an elusive fish and requires a lot of dedication to catch.  They have even been claimed to be the 'fish of a thousand casts'.  Meaning that you might only catch one fish for every one thousand casts made.


SCIENTIFIC NAME:  Esox masquinongy

HABITAT:  Aquatic vegetation (lilly pads, reeds, milfoil, pondweed, coontail and more), bushes, man-made structure, riprap, rocks, 

RANGE: United States, some lakes in Canada



DIET: Carnivore

NICKNAMES: Musky, Lunge, Muskie

FUN FACT: The Muskellunge is the state fish of Wisconsin

Tags: kids-club  -fish  -muskellunge  animal 


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